Who are the kids who self-harm? An Australian self-report school survey

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Title Who are the kids who self-harm? An Australian self-report school survey
Author De Leo, Diego; Heller, Travis
Journal Name Medical Journal of Australia
Editor Martin Van Der Weyden
Year Published 2004
Place of publication Prymont, NSW
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty Ltd
Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence and types of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in adolescents, and associated factors. Design: A cross-sectional questionnaire study. Participants and setting: 3757 of 4097 Year 10 and Year 11 students (91.7%) from 14 high schools on the Gold Coast, Queensland, during September 2002. Main outcome measures: DSH behaviour, including descriptions of the last act, psychological symptoms, recent stressors, coping styles, help-seeking behaviour, lifestyle choices, and self-prescribing of medications. Results: 233 students (6.2%) met the criteria for DSH in the previous 12 months, with DSH more prevalent in females than males (OR, 7.5; 95% CI, 5.1–10.9). The main methods were self-cutting (138 respondents; 59.2%) and overdosing with medication (69 respondents; 29.6%). Factors associated with DSH included similar behaviours in friends or family, coping by self-blame, and self-prescribing of medications. Most self-harmers did not seek help before or after their most recent action, with those who did primarily consulting friends. Conclusions: DSH is common in Australian youth, especially in females. Preventive programs should encourage young people to consult health professionals in stressful situations.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/181_03_020804/del10634_fm.html
Volume 181
Issue Number 3
Edition 2 August 2004
Page from 140
Page to 144
ISSN 0025-729X
Date Accessioned 2005-02-08
Date Available 2010-09-08T04:57:16Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject PRE2009-Medical & Health Sciences
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/5636
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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