Ecological Indicators of Tourist Impacts in Parks

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Title Ecological Indicators of Tourist Impacts in Parks
Author Buckley, Ralf
Journal Name Journal of Ecotourism
Editor Dr. David Fennell
Year Published 2003
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Channel View Publications
Abstract For tourism in parks there are many lists of potential ecological indicators that have not been implemented in practice, many systems of management indicators with little ecological basis or significance, and many ecological studies of recreational impacts that do not provide management indicators. Indicators that are both scientifically defensible and feasible and valuable in management, however, are very rare. Broad-scale indicator systems developed for tourism ecolabels and environmental accreditation schemes are inadequate for testing the impacts of people in parks. Monitoring visitor impacts needs ecological baseline data that incorporate seasonal cycles, long-term trends, extreme events, and internal patterns. It needs indicators that reflect the priority conservation values of the protected areas concerned, and the types of use, not merely management processes. It needs specific indicators that are discriminating, quantifiable, actionable, sensitive, ecologically significant, integrated, and feasible in practice. And it needs experimental design that distinguishes tourist impacts from other sources of variation. Interested and experienced rangers and volunteers can make a major contribution to such monitoring programmes, but reliable ecological monitoring needs qualified ecologists.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
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Copyright Statement Copyright 2003 Multilingual Matters & Channel View Publications. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 2
Issue Number 1
Edition 2003
Page from 54
Page to 66
ISSN 1472-4049
Date Accessioned 2004-02-23
Language en_AU
Faculty Faculty of Environmental Sciences
Subject PRE2009-Science & Technology
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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