Environmental Inputs and Outputs in Ecotourism: Geotourism with a Positive Triple Bottom Line?

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Title Environmental Inputs and Outputs in Ecotourism: Geotourism with a Positive Triple Bottom Line?
Author Buckley, Ralf
Journal Name Journal of Ecotourism
Editor Dr. David Fennell
Year Published 2003
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Channel View Publications
Abstract The main defining characteristics of ecotourism fall into two categories, namely environmental inputs and environmental outputs. The inputs are the natural and associated cultural features in a particular geographic place which serve as attractions for tourists. The outputs are the net costs or benefits for the natural and social environment. Ecotourism can hence be viewed as geotourism with a positive triple bottom line. There are several advantages to this approach. (1) It clarifies the meaning of ecotourism without redefining it. (2) It bypasses the service components which are common to tourism in general, not distinctive to ecotourism. (3) It treats environmental management and interpretation as means, not ends. (4) It requires an accurate accounting of environmental and social, as well as financial, costs as well as benefits. (5) It differentiates ecotourism from tourism products with a mere veneer of green. (6) The tourism products and organisations which are generally viewed as the world's best practice in ecotourism do comply with this definition.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~db=all~content=t794297788
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14724040308668135
Copyright Statement Copyright 2003 Multilingual Matters & Channel View Publications. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 2
Issue Number 1
Edition 2003
Page from 76
Page to 82
ISSN 1472-4049
Date Accessioned 2004-02-23
Language en_AU
Faculty Faculty of Environmental Sciences
Subject PRE2009-Science & Technology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/6081
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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