Psychometric Characteristics of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale: Data from an Australian Sample

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Title Psychometric Characteristics of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale: Data from an Australian Sample
Author Creedy, Debra; Dennis, Cindy-Lee; Blyth, Rosemary; Moyle, Wendy; Pratt, Jan; Vries, Susan M. De
Journal Name Research in Nursing and Health
Year Published 2003
Place of publication USA
Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Abstract Many new mothers discontinue breastfeeding prematurely because of difficulties encountered rather than maternal choice. Research has shown that a significant predictor of breastfeeding duration is a mother's confidence in her ability to breastfeed. To measure breastfeeding confidence, the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) was developed and psychometrically tested at 1 week postpartum. The purpose of this methodological study was to psychometrically test the BSES antenatally and at 1 week and 4 months postpartum in a sample of Australian women and to determine predictive validity. The psychometric assessment of the original BSES study was replicated, including internal consistency, principal components factor analysis, comparison of contrasted groups, and correlations with a similar construct. Support for predictive validity was demonstrated through positive correlations and significant mean differences between antenatal BSES scores and infant-feeding method at 1 week and 4 months postpartum. The BSES is now considered ready for both research and clinical use (a) to identify new mothers with low breastfeeding confidence who require additional assistance, (b) to assess breastfeeding behaviors and cognitions in order to have individualized confidence-building strategies, and (c) to assist in the evaluation of various nursing interventions.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI
Volume 26
Page from 143
Page to 152
ISSN 0160-6891
Date Accessioned 2004-03-10
Language en_US
Research Centre Centre for Health Practice Innovation; Menzies Health Institute Qld
Faculty Faculty of Nursing & Health
Subject PRE2009-Midwifery
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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