Hanging, firearm, and non-domestic gas suicides among males: A comparative study

There are no files associated with this record.

Title Hanging, firearm, and non-domestic gas suicides among males: A comparative study
Author De Leo, Diego; Evans, Russell William; Neulinger, Kerryn
Journal Name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Year Published 2002
Place of publication Australia
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Abstract Objective: To identify characteristics that could distinguish males who completed suicide by hanging from males who completed suicide by firearms and non-domestic gas, and to suggest suicide prevention strategies targeted at hanging. Method: Using the psychological autopsy design, males who used hanging, firearms and non-domestic gas were compared on a range of variables covering social, psychological, and health related factors and aspects of the suicide incident. The sample consisted of 950 males who suicided in Queensland, Australia, between 1994 and 1996. Results: Compared with males who used firearms and non-domestic gas, males who used hanging were significantly younger, less likely to have left a suicide note, and more likely to have been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder. Compared with males who used firearms, males who used hanging were significantly more likely to have made prior suicide attempts and have had no physical illness. Compared with males who used non-domestic gas, males who used hanging were significantly more likely to have lived with others, have had prior legal trouble, and have suicided at their residence. Conclusions: The results are discussed in terms of the availability and socio-cultural acceptability of methods. The authors suggest a possible relationship between impulsive traits and method choice. This proposition requires further investigation using alternative methodologies. Some suicide prevention measures targeting hanging suicides are discussed in light of the results.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1614.2001.01013.x
Volume 36
Issue Number 2
Page from 183
Page to 189
ISSN 0004-8674
Date Accessioned 2003-04-10
Language en_AU
Research Centre Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention
Faculty Australian Institute for Suicide Research & Prevention
Subject PRE2009-Public Health and Health Services
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/6567
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

Show simple item record

Griffith University copyright notice