Atom-laser coherence and its control via feedback.

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Title Atom-laser coherence and its control via feedback.
Author Thomsen, Laura Kathrine Wehde; Wiseman, Howard Mark
Journal Name Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Year Published 2002
Place of publication USA
Publisher American Physical Society
Abstract We present a quantun-mechanical treatment of the coherence properties of a single-mode atom laser. Specifically, we focus on the quantum phase noise of the atomic field as expressed by the first-order coherence function, for which we derive analytical expressions in various regimes. The decay of this function is characterized by the coherence time, or its reciprocal, the linewidth. A crucial contributor to the linewidth is the collisional interaction of the atoms. We find four distinct regimes for the linewidth with increasing interaction strength. These range from the standard laser linewidth, through quadratic and linear regimes, to another constant regime due to quantum revivals of the coherence function. The laser output is only coherent (Bose degenerate) up to the linear regime. However, we show that application of a quantum nondemolition measurement and feedback scheme will increase, by many orders of magnitude, the range of interaction strengths for which it remains coherent.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://prola.aps.org/
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.65.063607
Copyright Statement Copyright 2002 American Physical Society. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 65
Page from 063607.1
Page to 063607.14
ISSN 1050-2947
Date Accessioned 2003-04-11
Language en_AU
Research Centre Centre for Quantum Dynamics
Faculty Faculty of Science
Subject PRE2009-Theoretical Physics
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/6956
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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